Central Asheville Watershed Restoration Plan

Central Asheville Watershed Restoration Plan

Central Asheville Watershed Project Overview

Formerly the RAD Watershed Restoration Plan

In an effort to be more inclusive of all community members in the watershed, RiverLink has changed the project name to the Central Asheville Watershed Restoration Plan. For details on why the name was changed, click here for our full statement.

The Central Asheville Restoration Plan will investigate and find solutions to water quality issues within three streams that originate near downtown Asheville and flow through the River Arts District. The streams —Town Branch, Bacoate Branch, and Haith Branch— all empty into a section of the French Broad River in Asheville that is a common recreation destination. The year-long study will result in a nine-element watershed restoration plan that RiverLink and partners can use to guide their work to improve water quality in the French Broad River and its tributaries. 

The project is funded by generous grants from the N.C. Clean Water Management Trust Fund and the Pigeon River Fund. RiverLink is partnering with the City of Asheville on the project, and has hired  a consultant team led by Blue Earth Planning, Engineering & Design with staff from Wildlands Engineering, Penrose Environmental, Ecosystem Services, Headwater Environmental, Sitework Studios, and FrontWater geo Planning + Design.

Learn more about this project

If you’d like to speak with us about this project you can contact our Water Resources Manager, Renee Fortner at:

renee@riverlink.org | (828) 252-8474 X 14

Explore the Central Asheville  Watershed 

A watershed is a land area where all of the water that reaches the ground flows to the same location. All of the water in this watershed, eventually reaches a stream that flows through the River Arts District and into the French Broad River.

We all live in a watershed! While the streams of this watershed are most visible as they flow through the River Arts District, there are many other neighborhoods that call this watershed home. Find the following neighborhoods on the map:

  • East End/Valley Street
  • Livingston Heights
  • Erskine-Walton
  • South French Broad
  • West-Asheville Clingman Avenue
  • Lee-Walker Heights

Note: To see map layers, including the Asheville Neighborhoods layer, click on Layers, then scroll down and check box beside the layer of interest.

Water Quality Issues in the Central Asheville Watershed

The two-square mile Central Asheville watershed is a priority for RiverLink due to its complex environmental, economic, and social equity issues. The streams covered in the study—Town Branch, Bacoate Branch and Haith Branch—are all located in an urban watershed and are impacted by issues that include stormwater runoff from developed areas, piped streams, and aging infrastructure.  These streams also flow into a section of the French Broad River in Asheville that is heavily used for recreation by both local residents and out of town visitors. 

Town Branch is one of the most polluted streams in Buncombe County, according to the Environmental Quality Institute. Water quality tests have found high nutrient levels that creates a toxic environment for fish and other aquatic wildlife. The French Broad Riverkeeper has also found high levels of e-coli in Town Branch, which flows into a section of the French Broad River where e-coli levels regularly exceed state water quality standards.

Bacoate Branch

Bacoate Branch was named in 2017 through a Name that Creek campaign to honor the late Osie W. Bacoate. Beginning near Aston Park, Bacoate Branch is piped belowground for the majority of its journey to the French Broad River.

Town Branch (a.k.a. Nasty Branch)

Also known as Nasty Branch, this is one of the most impaired streams in Buncombe County. It has been negatively affected by runoff from development, aging infrastructure, and industrial pollution. The orange boom across Town Branch is soaking up an ongoing petroleum plume that originates from the nearby railroad property.

French Broad River

The Central Asheville watershed drains into a section of the French Broad River that is popular for recreation. E-coli levels in this area of the French Broad River frequently exceed the EPA’s recommended limit for safe swimming.

Community Impact of the Restoration Plan

The River Arts District is in a state of transition, with new developments slated for construction and two greenways planned for the watershed along Bacoate Branch and Town Branch. The new greenways will provide increased opportunity for people to experience the streams, and it is imperative that they are clean and safe to interact with. Town Branch flows in the backyards of the traditionally underserved Southside community, as well as the nearby Dr. Wesley Grant Sr. Southside community center. Ensuring that residents have access to cleaner streams for their enjoyment will help address some of the persistent social equity issues that plague the Southside and River Arts District area.

Other Resources

Addressing Water Resource Challenges Using a Watershed Approach- US Environmental Protection Agency

N.C. Department of Environmental Quality- Division of Water Resources

N.C. DEQ: Watershed Restoration Plans

City of Asheville- Report Emergency Sediment and Erosion Violations

Environmental Quality Institute

French Broad River at RAD – Swim Guide

River Arts District Artists

City of Asheville Neighborhood Services- Learn more about neighborhoods within the watershed

City of Asheville Greenways